To ask why we are
Jews is to ask why a bagel is a bagel.
bagel tastes like a bagel and not like a doughnut, although one bagel hater
defined a bagel as a doughnut dipped in cement.
Now a Jew is a Jew, because he was born a Jew and because he wants to be a
Jew. In most cases even if he does not want to be one, he will be
compelled to admit it; otherwise, others will point a finger at him, asking,
"Aren't you Jewish?"
The term Jew is related to Judah, Jacob’s fourth son from Leah.
Judah (Yehuda in Hebrew) means praise to the Lord. His mother Leah
wanted thus to express her gratitude to the Lord for giving her this fourth
son. The descendants of Judah were aware of this derivation, and
sometimes were reminded of it by descendants of other tribes challenging them
to live up to their name. We have to admit that some Jews succeeded in
assimilating with their Gentile neighbors through intermarriage, change of
name, and denial of their identity. Usually it was a long ardent
process and took several generations to achieve. On the other hand,
there were groups and individuals who, though not descendants of Judah or
from any of the other tribes of Israel, succeeded in their efforts at being
absorbed into the people called Jews.
This was not easy. The people of Shechem wanted to do it and even went
through the full rite of circumcision of every male, yet were slaughtered and
never succeeded to penetrate the hermetically sealed tribes of Israel
(Genesis 34). Sometimes those attempting to join them gave them
trouble, like the "mixed multitude" of Exodus 12:38, and the Gibeonites of Joshua 9. However, in most other
cases these nonJewish groups seem to have been
gradually absorbed and assimilated into the Jewish body by intermarriage.
Large influxes took place in the Persian period, as reported in the book of
Esther in the Bible, and in the Maccabean period, when whole tribes under
threat of extermination, preferred circumcision. The most prominent are
the Khazar tribes of the present central Russia who
accepted Judaism. The story of their conversion was described and
popularized by the famous philosopher/poet Yehuda Halevi.
Today, both in Israel and in the Diaspora, Rabbis are working hard at
teaching and preparing prospective converts to Judaism. In some cases,
at least, these converts are absorbed into the Jewish mainstream by
Among the 14 million Jewish people there is a group of perhaps twenty or
thirty thousand people, born Jews, who believe in the Torah and the rest of
the Tanakh and practice Jewish customs and religion. They also believe
in Jesus. Some, if not most of them, prefer to call Him by His Jewish name,
Yeshua. Although small in number, they are a vocal group, constantly
challenging the Jewish spiritual and secular authorities with their presence,
demanding recognition as Jews.
It would be easiest for these Jewish believers, among whom is also the writer
of these lines, to accept the advice of rabbinic leaders and put aside our
belief in Jesus. The Jewish authorities work very hard to achieve
it. Organizations and individuals spend their time and hundreds and
thousands of dollars towards this end. Among the best known are the Peilim, Karen Yeladdenu,
supported by the Ministry of Religious Affairs in Israel, and many more who
do it as a full or part time job.
Why do Messianic Jews resist? What lies behind their obstinacy, not only
continuing to believe themselves but also spreading their faith to
others? The answer as we see it is spiritual. This spiritual
aspect can be summarized as follows:
Prophecies Demand It
We believe in Yeshua (Jesus) as Messiah because He alone gives sense to the
words of our Jewish prophets. There is Isaiah 53 with its minute
description of the suffering servant who was despised and rejected, afflicted
with pain and stripes, by whose "stripes we are healed."
He then dies, is buried, yet is revived and suffers all this
"for the affliction of my (Isaiah the prophet's) people."
All this can best be applied to one person only - Yeshua of Nazareth.
The Talmud (Sanhedrin 98) teaches that this chapter refers to Messiah. The
Targum of Jonathan begins the passage with the words Ha yatslakh
"Behold my servant the Messiah shall prosper. ..”
Common sense says it must refer to Jesus.
The same goes for many other prophecies which speak of the time of His birth,
like Daniel 9:26: And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut
off, but not for himself; and the people of the prince that shall come shall
destroy the city and the sanctuary ... (The city and sanctuary were
destroyed A.D. 70. Messiah had to come and be cut off before then.) The
manner of His birth in a supernatural way is recorded in Isaiah 7:14:
Behold the Virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name
Immanuel. Isaiah 9:6 (5 in Heb.) says:
For unto us a child is born, unto
us a son is given, and the government
shall be upon his shoulder; and
his name shall be called Wonderful,
Counselor, The Mighty God, The
Everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
The place of his birth is foretold by
Micah, the prophet in verse 5:2 (5:1 in Hebrew):
But thou Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands
of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come
forth unto me that is to be ruler in
Israel, whose goings forth have been
from of old, from everlasting.
The manner of His death is found both in Psalm 2 2:17, "they
pierced my hands and my feet" (Masoretic text - "Like a lion
they are at my hands and my feet"), and in Zechariah 12:10, "They
shall look unto me whom they have pierced," which the Talmud in
Sukkah 52 applies to Messiah ben Joseph.
We have heard arguments against His Messianic claims by the fact that some
prophecies like Isaiah 2 (breaking swords into plowshares) and Isaiah 11 Lamb
and lion dwelling together) have not been fulfilled as yet and that our
explanations for a future fulfillment by His second coming creates too long a
hiatus (of close to 2,000 years). But what is 2,000 years in the sight of
God, waiting patiently for His people to respond and accept His Anointed One
- Yeshua, ben Elohim?
We hold on to our faith because of the spotless Person He was. His
contemporaries testified of Him that "He doeth all things well"
(Mark 7:37). He could challenge his contemporaries saying to them, which of you convicteth
me of sin? and they held their peace. Some modern Jewish and
non-Jewish scholars point out His lack of originality in many of His
sayings. Would it have been better if He had contradicted the words of
the prophets? Others assert that His teaching is too idealistic (e.g., the
turning of the other cheek), and therefore impractical. But who can
find fault in a Man who constantly goes from the South to the North of
Israel, then Judea and Samaria, doing good, healing the sick, cleansing the
lepers, opening the eyes of the blind, unstopping the ears of the deaf,
making the lame to walk again and preaching the Good News of salvation to the
poor, the needy, and the outcast? Rejected by the leading Pharisees and
by the High Priests, He died a martyr's death by crucifixion at the hands of the
cruel Roman soldiers. But this is not the end of the story, for His 12
disciples plus a number of others see Him alive after He died and proclaim
Him the risen Savior. For this assertion nearly all of them had to pay
with their lives, dying like their master a cruel death from the hands of
pagans and of unbelieving Jewish leaders. Yet these believing Jews
never flinched. They knew for sure that He is alive.
PERSONALITIES OF HIS FOLLOWERS
We are convinced that He is Messiah because of the transformation in the
personalities of His followers. Who could transform Simon Bar Yonah, the fisherman on the shores of Galilee, to become
the leader of Messianic Jews in Israel and abroad, and finally to be
acknowledged the first bishop and highest authority next to Jesus by millions
of people of the whole world?
What about Saul of Tarsus, convinced that he, with the letters he had from
the High Priest, would completely knock out all belief in Jesus? He met
the risen Yeshua on the road from Jerusalem to Damascus (Acts 9) and from a
persecutor of the Gospel he became a proclaimer of the Good News. He
himself was greatly persecuted by unbelieving people everywhere until he
finally died a martyr's death at the hands of the Romans in the time of Nero.
PEOPLE WHO ACCEPTED HIM
From the first book, Bereshit, to the last prophet
in the Tonach, Malachi, the
Messiah's activity involves "the people" or the nations. Yaacov Aveenoo foresees it and
scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from
his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto Him shall the gathering of the people
be. Genesis 49:10
Isaiah the prophet sees Him as the root of Jesse which shall stand for
ensign of the people; to Him shall the Gentiles see. (Isaiah 11:10
49:6 Messiah is proclaimed with these words:
It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up
the tribes of Jacob,and
to restore the preserved of Israel:
I will also give thee a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest
be my salvation unto the end of the earth.
Malachi says of Him (1:11):
from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same
my name shall be great among the Gentiles. PEACE
THAT MESSIAH GIVES
Jewish believers in Messiah Yeshua found that only in Him they have rest,
peace, and satisfaction. They heard Messiah's invitation, Come unto me all ye that labor and are
heavy laden, and I will give you rest Matthew 11:28.
They verified it in their own lives. They read the record of His
promise, Peace I leave with you, my
peace I give unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it
be afraid (John
14:27. They found Messiah to be the Great Gentleman who always keeps
His promise. The result is that we can say together with one of the
first hosidim of Messiah Yeshua, Simon bar Jonah,
called Simon Peter:
to whom shall we go? Thou hast the words of eternal life.
And we believe and are sure that thou art the Messiah, the Ben Elohim.
Have you received
your Redeemer, the Stone whom the builders rejected?
In Him is life, light and joy and in His sacrifice is forgiveness of sin.
Reprinted from The American Messianic
Jewish Quarterly Reprinted
with permission of The Messianic Literature Outreach
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